Cumulative total freshwater losses in South Asia from 2002 to 2015 (in inches) observed by NASA's Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission. Total water refers to all of the snow, surface water, soil water and groundwater combined. Groundwater depletion in India and Bangladesh continue to dominate total water losses in the region. The persistent drought along the Malaysian Peninsula is also apparent. Regions of increasing total water experience strong interannual variations in the Asian monsoon. Image updated from Rodell et al., 2009.
Citation of Record: Rodell, M., I. Velicogna and J. Famiglietti, Satellite-based estimates of groundwater depletion in India, Nature, doi:10.1038/nature08238.
GRACE is a collaborative endeavor involving the Center for Space Research at the University of Texas, Austin; NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.; the German Space Agency and Germany's National Research Center for Geosciences, Potsdam.